In Nepal Census is conducted by Nepal Central Bureau of Statistics. Central Bureau of Statistics (CBS) was established in 1959 under Statistics Act, 2015 BS as the central agency for the collection, consolidation, processing, analysis, publication and dissemination of statistics. Census 2011 also known as National Population and Housing Census 2011 marks hundred years in the history of population census in Nepal. Nepal has been conducting population censuses almost decennially and the census 2011 is the eleventh. The first population census was conducted in 1911 A.D. (1968 B.S.). The census is considered as the first modern census of Nepal which was held or conducted on 1952/54. It has been introducing internationally as comparable concepts, definitions and classifications.
NEPAL POPULATION 2075
The major highlights of the Population Census 2011 are:
The Population of Nepal as of the census day i.e. held on June 22, 2011 which stands at 26,494,504 showing total population which increase at rate of 1.35 per annum. Likewise the total number of households founds in the country is 5,427,302 with 5,423,297 number individual households and 4,005 numbers institutional households ( that includes Barracks, Hostels, Monasteries etc).
Geographically, Terai constitutes 50.27 percent i.e. 13,318,705 population of the total population from which Hill and Mountain constitutes 43 percent i.e. 11,394,007 and 6.73 percent i.e. 1,781,792) respectively. Among the five development regions, Central development region has got the highest population i.e. 36.45 percent and among them far western region records the lowest i.e 9.63 percent.
The number of males per 100 females at the national level was 99.8 in 2001 and later it decreased to 91.6 in 2011.
Population density (average number of population per square kilometer) at the national level is 180 compared to 157 in 2001. More population is found in Kathmandu district as there are about 4,416 person per square km and least number of population is found in Manang district as there is about 3 person per square km.
Nepal Census by Nepal Central Bureau
There are 126 caste/ethnic groups reported in the census 2011. Among many caste the largest caste/ethnic groups are chhetris as they have 16.6% (4,398,053) of the total population, as Brahman-Hill have (12.2% ; 3,226,903), Magar (7.1% ; 1,887,733), Tharu (6.6% ; 1,737,470), Tamang (5.8% ; 1,539,830), Newar (5% ; 1,321,933), Kami (4.8% ; 1,258,554), Musalman (4.4% ; 1,164,255), Yadav (4% ; 1,054,458) and Rai (2.3% ; 620,004). 10 types of religion categories are being reported in the census. Hindu is followed by 81.3 percent (21,551,492) of the population followed by Buddhism (9%; 2,396,099), Islam (4.4%; 1,162,370), , Kirat (3.1%; 807,169), Christianity (1.4%; 375,699), Prakriti (0.5%; 121,982), Bon (13,006), Jainism (3,214), Bahai (1,283) and Sikhism (609).
According to total literacy rate population for aged 5 years was 54.1 percent in 2001 and later it has been increased to 65.9 percent in 2011.
The Central Bureau of Statistics working with the 58 municipalities and the 3915 Village Development Committees at a district level, they recorded data from all the municipalities and villages of each district. The whole operation of the census took five years from 2008/09 (2065/66 B.S.) to 2012/13 (B.S.2069/70) to complete preparatory works, data collection, data processing and tabulation.
Though a small country, we have a very high population density especially in Urban areas. Hence proper control measures and awareness is necessary in the country to control its increasing population.