There are many festivals celebrated in Nepal. Since Nepal has diverse cultures and traditions with more than 100 different castes, so there are many festivals Nepalese people celebrate. Here, we have picked the top 10 best festivals of Nepal that are celebrated by all Nepalese.
Dashain also known as Bada Dashain in Nepali is the national festival of Nepal celebrated for 15 days long. It is the longest and one of the most auspicious festivals in the Nepalese calendar. It falls in September or November every year. Among the 15 days, the most important days are first, seventh, eighth, ninth and tenth. Dashain is the symbol of victory of good over evil. It is especially celebrated as the day when God Ram killed the demon Ravan as per Ramayan. On this festival, all the school, colleges, institutions, government offices will be closed. All the relatives member who is busy in their work life will get time to get together with the family. People will take the blessing from the elders.
- Bhai Tika
image via adventure travel
Another importance festival in Nepal is Bhai Tika also known as Tihar or Deepawali. On this festival, men visit the house of their sister to get the blessing from them. They put on tika on their forehead and give gifts to their sister according to their ability. In addition, sister serves a grand meal to the brothers. This festival is celebrated for 5 days. On this festival, different animals like crow, cow, ox, dog are worshiped. On the third and fourth day, Deusi and Bhailo are played during which group of people sing Deusi songs.
Image via indiantimes.org
Chath is the main festival especially in Terai and Mithila region of Nepal. It is celebrated by the Tharus, Maithilis and Madhesi ethnic groups in all major parts of Nepal. In recent days, it is even being celebrated gradually by the people of Hilly and Himalayan region. On this festival, devotees dedicate themselves for the Sun, which is called Suya in Nepali. The sun is considered as the god of energy who promote well-being, prosperity and success in human life. On this festival, devotees perform holy bathing, fasting and abstaining from drinking water.
- Janai Purnima
image via Trekking mart
Janai Purnima is known as Rkshyabandan in Nepal. This festival is celebrated in the full moon day of Shrawan every year. It is mostly celebrated by Hindus and as well as Buddhist. On this day, people visit the nearby temples and Brahman priests offer an ornamental thread. On this day, Gosaikunda is the favourite place to visit where people bath in the sacred lake where it is believed that all the sins will be the washed out. Especially, Brahmins change their sacred threads while people of other castes put the rahkshya on their hand through priest.
- Maghe Sankranti
image via Kathmandu foodies
The first day of the Magh month is celebrated as Maghe Sankranti. It falls in the month of January according to English calendar. On this day, the sun leaves its southernmost position and takes off for the northward journey. On this festival, people take the holy bathing and eat the auspicious food slike sweet potato, laddu, ghee, Chhaku which is believed to provide the strength to overcome the cold season. According to the mythological story, on this day King Bhisma who have power to control his own death choose to die. So, it is believed that dying on this day will achieve the mokshya.
Image via press journal
Holi is on of the most entertaining and most well-celebrated festival in Nepal. It is famously known as Faghu Purnima, the festival of colors. On this day, people celebrate this festival by offering colors and water to each other. This festival is celebrated as the thanksgiving for good harvest, a victory of good over bad, start of the spring and end of winter. This festival is celebrated as the day when Holika, sister of the demon king, Hiranyakashipu was killed in the fire while the Prahlad, the devotee of God Bishnu was alive.
- Buddha Jayanti
Buddha Jayanti, the day when Lord Gautam Buddha was born is one of the important festivals, especially for Nepalese Buddhist. This day is celebrated in the remembrance of Gautam Buddha. It falls on the full moon night of either May or June. The government Nepal has given public holiday on this day. People visit the nearby Buddhist temple to worship the Lord Buddha. Different ritual puja is organized as per Buddhist norms and rituals with chanting mantras.
One of the most well-celebrated festivals for the Nepalese women is Teej. This is the festival of women where unmarried women worship Lord Shiva for getting the good husband like him and the married women pray for the long and prosperous life of their husband. On this day, they visit the nearby temple of Lord Shiva, do fasting, sing the songs and dance in groups. Especially, Pashupatinath temple is the best place to visit on this day as it is believed that Lord Shiva will reside on this temple and fulfill the devotees pray.
image via newsmobile.com
It is another important Hindu festival in Nepal where Lord Shiva is worshiped by the Hindus. It falls in between February and March month of English calender. On this many Hindu devotees visit the Pashupatinath temple to worship Lord Shiva. Even the people from India, Bangladesh will come to visit this temple on this day. On this day, it is believed that worshipping the Lord Shiva will help to get prosperous in life. It is one of the greatest Hindu festival. There will be the public holiday. This festival is celebrated by taking Bhang, Dhaturo which is the favourite of Lord Shiva.
image via dailyroadbox
Another important festival of Nepal is Sripanchami which is also called Saraswoti Puja. Saraswoti is regarded as the goddess of education. So, on this day it is believed that whoever start their education is supposed to gain good educational background. Many schools open free admission on this day. This festival is celebrated by offering special puja to GoddessSaraswoti. In addition, schools or colleges organize different programs where students can show their talent. This festival falls in the month of Magh or Falgun.